The evolution of Apple

The following are key dates in the history of Apple, whose co-founder Steve Jobs has passed away.

  • 1985: Jobs resigns after being stripped of control of Apple in an internal power struggle with Apple CEO at the time, John Sculley. He founded NeXT Inc. the same year.
  • 1977: The Apple II with a one-megahertz processor becomes the first successful mass-produced computer. Image credit: [[xref:|Devin Cook]]
  • 2010: Jobs unveiled the iPad tablet computer, which became a big seller after it went on sale. Apple passed Microsoft in May as the largest US technology company in terms of market value.
  • 1989: The Macintosh Portable was Apple's first attempt at creating a battery-powered portable Macintosh PC that held the power of a desktop Macintosh. At an introductory price of $6500, it wasn't a hit with consumers but had the critics raving. Features included a black and white active-matrix LCD screen, the mouse function was handled by a built-in trackball, and used expensive SRAM to maximize battery life and provide an "instant on" low power sleep mode. The Macintosh Portable was also the first commercial portable computer used in space and the first to send an email from space.
  • 2007: Apple revolutionises mobiles phone, with the release of its touchscreen smartphone — the iPhone.
  • 2006: The Power Mac, iBook, and PowerBook brands were scrapped and replaced by the Mac Pro, MacBook, and MacBook Pro.
  • 1996 - 1997: Apple buys NeXT and makes Jobs an adviser. Later on, Jobs returns as head of Apple, with arch-rival Microsoft investing $US150 million in the company.
  • 1984: The Macintosh PC makes its debut. Its the first commercially successful personal computer to feature a mouse, disk drive, and built-in monitor.
  • A close-up of Apple I. Image credit: [[xref:|Christies]]

  • 1991: The PowerBook — a line of Macintosh laptop computers — was the first portable PC at the time to have an active matrix display, while others at the time were still oriented toward DOS. They also featured compact dark grey cases, built-in trackball, and an ergonomic keyboard design. Pictured is the PowerBook 150
  • 1998: Jobs revamps Apple's product line, with the release of colorful iMac PCs with monitors and drives in the same casing. Pictured is the iMac G3
  • 2001: Apple launches the iPod portable digital music player that became greatly successful, selling over 100 million units within six years. The company also opened its first retail store in Palo Alto, California.
  • 1976: Steve Jobs and Steve Wozniak unveil the first Apple computer — dubbed Apple 1 — in Palo Alto, California. It consists of little more than a circuit board and lacked basic features such as a keyboard, monitor, and case. Image credit: [[xref:|Christies]]
  • 1999: The iBook, marketed as a mobile iMac, is introduced. It had lower specifications and prices to the higher-end line PowerBook, and was targeted towards the consumer and education markets.
  • 1980: With a starting price of $7800, the ill-fated Apple III was discontinued in 1984 following stability issues on an earlier model, which required a design overhaul that tarnished its reputation.
  • 2003: Apple opens online music store iTunes.
  • 1983: Apple Lisa — known as Lisa — featured protected memory, cooperative multitasking, support for up to 2 megabytes (MB) of RAM, a numeric keypad, data corruption protection schemes, and a larger higher-resolution display. At a price of almost $10,000, its failure was largely attributed to its cost. Image credit: [[xref:|German Wikipedia]]
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