Companies can achieve operational cost savings of 50 per cent if they replace an offshore back office worker with an artificially intelligent software robot, a new study has found.
The study on robotic process automation (RPA), compiled by Kinetic Consulting Services, revealed that a full time back officer worker costs on average US$10,150 per year in the Philippines, and US$7,250 in India. A RPA licence costs about US$5,400, which is up to 50 per cent cheaper than an offshore worker.
Kinetic Consulting defines back office as tasks that are rules-based, structured and repetitive. Software-based RPA replaces or augments humans normally performing the task with “robotic” equivalents.
a full time back office worker in Australia, the cost savings would
be as high as 90 per cent, as the average human wage for this work is US$44,950
majority will start applying RPA in their organisations to low value
tasks before they take on board replacing humans with higher value
“Knowledge based work will also be replaced by cognitive computing but this will be by innovators and early adopters at this stage,” Joe Tawfik, CEO of Kinetic Consulting Services, wrote in his report of the study.
“The utilisation of a shared robotic resource can enable a department or a global shared services centre to focus their time on higher value tasks that are more strategic in nature and able to commercially benefit the organisation.
“For example, a finance department could have a large team of accountants spending a large portion of their time undertaking manual data entry into multiple systems. The introduction of RPA would free up these resources to perform more knowledge based functions, such as analysis of financial records, and would benefit the organisation more than the data entry work they performed.”
The study pointed to ANZ bank recently announcing it has automated 235 processes in its organisation, resulting in about 40 per cent cost savings.
The study also pointed out that machines are less prone to making errors, unlike humans. Machines also don't need to take breaks or holidays, don't need to be retrained, or have ambitions to seek more intellectually stimulating work elsewhere.
However, there are some things to watch out for when adopting AI and automation, the study found. Some considerations organisations need to take into account are how a robotic workforce will be supervised and monitored, the role humans will play in executing a process mostly managed by robots, and the processes that might need to be re-engineered before applying AI and automation.
“There are a number of commercial and strategic considerations that need to be made when considering an RPA implementation. Not every organisation will be ready to introduce a digital workforce just yet,” said Tawfik.
The study pointed out that AI and automation is part of the 'Fourth Industrial Revolution', which is the next wave of digital disruption occurring across multiple industries through a fusion of multiple technologies.
“We anticipate that as acceptance of a digital workforce increases, so will the adoption of automation in the organisation increase.”