For the second year in a row, social media sites (including gaming and dating sites) are leading the way in consumer security and privacy protections, beating out Internet retailers and banks, according to an annual comprehensive audit by the Online Trust Alliance (OTA).
Even though social sites led the pack in OTA's audit, the general trend for consumer security and privacy protection is good, says Craig Spiezle, president and executive director of OTA. The sites that performed the best in the adoption of 14 industry accepted best practices, open standards and privacy practices, and criteria and best practices advocated by the U.S. Federal Trade Commission (FTC) and the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) were named to OTA's Online Trust Honor Roll.
Thirty-two percent of the companies audited by the OTA qualified for the Honor Roll this year, up from 30 percent last year, even though Spiezle says the criteria were tightened in several areas. Nearly half (121) of the companies that achieved the Honor Roll had also been Honor Roll recipients in last year's audit. However, 47 percent of the companies that made the Honor Roll in 2012 did not qualify for the 2013 Honor Roll.
"The bar has risen significantly," Spiezle says. "We were very pleasantly surprised that the number of audited companies making the honor roll went up from 30 percent to 32 percent. We did not anticipate that."
"Being named to the 2013 Online Trust Honor Roll is a significant achievement," he adds. "The adoption of best practices not only helps to protect customers, it also builds brand integrity, enhances click through and reduces the risk of shopping cart abandonment."
Metrics Considered for Online Trust Honor Roll
OTA audited more than 750 domains and privacy policies, more than 10,000 web pages and more than 500 million emails associated with the Internet Retailer 500 (IR500), Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC 100) and Social 50 and Federal Government 50 sites. OTA identified and evaluated three key areas of competency that Spiezle says are essential to maximizing online trust:
Domain, brand and consumer protection: This area included a review of best practices with regard to email authentication; domain-based message authentication, reporting and conformance (DMARC) and domain locking.
Site, server and infrastructure security: This area included a review of best practices with regard to SSL server configuration, extended validation of SSL certificates (EV SSL), Always-on SSL (AOSSL), 2048-bit key or elliptic curve cryptography (ECC) certificates and domain name system security extension (DNSSEC).
Companies had to receive a composite score of 80 percent or more of the available points to qualify for the honor roll. Additionally, a new requirement was added this year: The companies had to score at least 55 percent of the points in each of the three major categories of brand/domain protection, site security and privacy policies and practices.
"We really believe that trust and security is like a chain," Spiezle explains. "You're only secure as your weakest link."
"One of the areas that we're really pushing is the need to move from a compliance perspective to one of stewardshipfrom what you have to do to comply to what you can do that's above and beyond," he adds.
Twitter Takes Top Consumer Security, Privacy Honors
Spiezle notes that Twitter, which achieved the highest composite score of any of the companies audited, is an exemplar of that approach.
"Twitter is pleased to have earned the top score on the OTA Honor Roll," says Bob Lord, director of information security at Twitter. "By supporting Always-on SSL, Do Not Track, DMARC and most recently login verification, we aim to keep users connected securely to everything happening in the global town square."
Companies in the Social 50 outpaced both the IR500 and FDIC 100 two to one in the percentage of companies qualifying for the Honor Roll. Spiezle notes that companies focused on social tend to be much newer, which in turn tends to make them more agile, as they are less dependent on legacy technologies. Many banks and commerce sites are saddled with complex legacy sites and data centers that impede their ability to quickly adopt best practices.
Retailers Improving Adoption of Best Practices
Of the Internet Retailer 500, 26 percent achieved the Honor Roll, up slightly from 25 percent in 2012. Brooklyn, Oh.-based American Greetings, the world's largest publicly traded greeting card company, won the top score in the retailer category.
"Through an ongoing process we have evolved our data security and privacy practices from one of compliance to one of stewardship," says Joseph Yanoska, vice president, technology, American Greetings. "We're honored by the recognition the OTA has given us, and are committed to supporting their efforts. We share and embrace their approach to security and hope that it results in a higher level of trust from our customer base."
While retailers overall improved their rating in the 2013 audit, Spiezle says that 74 percent have not fully adopted best practices, and 53 percent of retailers that did not qualify for the Honor Roll failed to achieve passing scores in one or more categories, which unnecessarily exposes their users to security, privacy and social engineering threats.
Banks Show Most Security Improvements, Still Have Long Way to Go
FDIC member banks showed the most improvement over last year: 25 percent of them made the Honor Roll in 2013, up from 22 percent in 2012. The banking sector also led in the adoption of EV SSL certificates with a 60 percent uptake rate. Retailers were second in the adoption of EV SSL, with a 33 percent adoption rate.
However, of those banks that did not qualify for the Honor Roll, 71 percent received failing grades in one or more categories, which OTA says it largely attributes to inadequate email and domain protection or outdated privacy policies with inconsistencies observed between their written policy and actual data collection observed.
As for top U.S. Government sites, OTA says they made improvement across all sectors in 2013, achieving 88 percent support of DNSSEC. However, OTA also found that these sites significantly lagged in helping protect consumers from forged and deceptive email and securing their sites from known vulnerabilities. Only 20 percent of government sites adopted both SPF and DKIM, and one-third received failing grades for their SSL server security.
"The 2013 report demonstrates how business leaders have recognized the need to move from compliance to stewardship," Spiezle says. "This is critical to consumer trust and to help stem the call for more regulation. The Online Trust Honor Roll report provides prescriptive and actionable guidance for businesses to move from a state of inaction to one which will enhance consumer protection."
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