Seven international electronics manufacturers were fined a total of ¬1.47 billion (US$1.92 billion) by the European Commission on Wednesday for conspiring to fix the price of cathode-ray tubes (CRTs) in two separate cartels between 1996 and 2006.
European Union antitrust regulators established that CRTs represented 50 to 70 percent of the price of a screen, and that LG Electronics, Philips, Samsung Electronics, Toshiba, Technicolor, Panasonic and MT Picture Display (MTPD) worked together in order to share the market for CRTs, allocate customers, fix prices, control their output and exchange sensitive commercial information, which stymied competition.
Some of the companies fined participated in both cartels, others in just one of them, the Commission said Wednesday. One cartel focused on color picture tubes used in televisions, the other on color display tubes used in computer monitors.
A Taiwanese electronics manufacturer called Chunghwa, which participated in both cartels, received full immunity because it was the first company to come forward with information about the anti-competitive practices. Some of the other companies received a fine reduction for their cooperation.
French electronics manufacturer and media services provider Technicolor, formerly known as Thomson, together with Japanese electronics manufacturers Toshiba, Panasonic and MTPD, currently a Panasonic subsidiary, only participated in the television tube cartel. Chunghwa, LG Electronics, Philips and Samsung SDI participated in both.
Technicolor, Philips and Samsung SDI received fine reductions of 10, 30 and 40 percent respectively.
The companies knew that they were breaking the law and were taking precautions to keep their practices hidden, the Commission said. Some documents found during the investigation had clear instructions that they were to be destroyed after being read, and one particular document contained a warning reading "Everybody is requested to keep it as secret as it would be serious damage if it is open to customers or European Commission."
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