Microsoft's first major operating system upgrade in five years, Windows Vista, is expected to hit the retail shelves in January - maybe.
Originally scheduled for 2003, Vista's release date was pushed back many times due to development delays. And the delays have created openings for the growth of competitors, such as Apple on the desktop and Linux on the server. But Microsoft's market share remains overwhelming. Like it or not, Vista will eventually become Microsoft's default OS. So the question is not whether you'll be making the switch to Vista, but when.
In fact, if your company has a volume licensing agreement with Microsoft, you'll have a chance to upgrade to the client version of Vista as early as November, when the operating system will be shipped to computer manufacturers and other large customers. (The server version of Vista, still nicknamed Longhorn, isn't scheduled to ship until 2007.)
Still, there are good reasons why IT managers are saying "wait and see". Upgrades are time-consuming and expensive, requiring lots of testing, training and support. Then there's the hardware. Vista's almost certainly not going to run well on older machines.
"IT managers probably won't make the investment [in upgrading] until after Vista has been on the market for a while," says Jim Michael, secretary of the board of directors of Share, an IBM users' group with more than 2000 member companies representing a majority of the Fortune 500. "You may not see widespread enterprise deployment until after the first service pack comes out." And that could be as much as a year after Vista first ships.
But you'd better begin planning now. Once the OS is widely available, end users (like your CEO) will start asking about it. It will begin showing up on new desktops and laptops. And, if there's a major security attack aimed at legacy Windows XP systems, you could find yourself under very serious pressure to upgrade fast.
Security and Manageability
Vista offers some enticing features for CIOs. Perhaps primary among them are its numerous security enhancements. "This is an operating system that was built and architected in the age of the Internet," says Michael Gartenberg, VP and research director for JupiterResearch. In contrast to Windows XP, Vista will be much more resistant to Internet-based attacks, he says.
Vista also offers authentication via smart cards in addition to user name and password checking, provides more nuanced user account restrictions and offers strong, hardware-based encryption, which can protect documents when an employee's laptop is stolen. It will also make it easier for developers to customize their own authentication strategies with biometrics and tokens.
Almost equally important are Vista's management features. "Vista will help ease the pain of deploying, supporting and managing desktops," says Michael Burk, a product manager in the Windows client division of Microsoft. Microsoft claims that administrators will be able to control desktop settings remotely via command line, eliminating the need for your IT staff to visit every desktop when, for instance, it's time to upgrade client virus-scanning software. To streamline installation, Vista will ship with a suite of disk imaging and installation tools so IT departments can configure standard installations easily and then copy them onto new computers with a minimum of fuss.
A Shiny New Interface
Vista's new interface and multimedia features may be the system's most visible enhancements. Windows XP is looking a little long in the tooth, and Vista's new Windows Aero interface is a lot slicker (and a lot more Mac-like), with transparent windows and a variety of 3-D effects.
All those effects require fairly serious graphics processing power. However, there's an option for systems with slower video subsystems. If a PC's graphics processor can't handle Aero, the user can turn it off, defaulting to a plainer but less resource-intensive interface.
Still, it's unlikely that the new interface is going to be a major factor in a CIO's decision to upgrade. "OK, so it's a cooler-looking Windows interface. I'm not sure where the big payback for the enterprise is for a cooler-looking Windows interface," says Share's Michael.
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