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Ubuntu 9.10 'Karmic Koala' is here: 5 things CIOs must know

The latest Ubuntu releasehas some useful enhancements that should prove particularly interesting to CIOs and IT managers.

In case you’ve been too busy dealing with rogue iPhones, October 2009 was a big month for operating systems.

Do CIOs care about operating systems? Probably not as much as they used to, but with Windows 7 and Ubuntu 9.10 "Karmic Koala" (from here on abbreviated to simply "Karmic" for sanity purposes) being released within days of each other, CIOs at least have a reason to be excited about the future of the desktop.

Desktop administrators will have a unified, predictable way of managing software on their machines

In addition to the countless upgrades and enhancements that arrive every six months with each new Ubuntu release, Karmic has some useful enhancements that should prove particularly interesting to CIOs and IT managers.

It's almost as though Ubuntu is standing up to be counted among business operating systems now that Windows 7 has been released.

Here are five things about Karmic that senior IT executives should consider before disregarding Linux as an option for their desktop and server fleets.

1. The new Software Center

I was chatting with a CIO the other week and he told me how much he liked Linux, but still needed to use the command line to install a software package. Enter Ubuntu’s new Software Centre.

Karmic will include the Ubuntu Software Center by default to replace the "Add/Remove" in the Applications menu and the requirement for Synaptic Package Manager if any conflicts arise.

By its own admission, Ubuntu has too many ways to manage software. "This redundancy increases the amount of interface people have to learn, wastes space on the Ubuntu CD, and fragments development effort," as Ubuntu's developers wrote recently on the development wiki. So there!

Another problem they identified was the descriptions of available software are often "technical gibberish".

Software Centre should eliminate all this complexity. And it also means desktop administrators will have a unified, predictable way of managing software on their machines. Way to go!

2. Ubuntu Enterprise Cloud images

The ability to run Ubuntu on Amazon's EC2 infrastructure is not new, but Karmic consolidates the direction with supported images for the private Ubuntu Enterprise Cloud (UEC) and EC2.

EC2 has a pre-configured Karmic image that can be used for cloud computing with updates provided to Amazon by Ubuntu.

The interesting thing here for CIOs is the portability between public and private clouds.

Even if they don't have a fully-fledged "private cloud" within their enterprise, CIOs can have a certain level of assurance that deploying an application on EC2 with Ubuntu won’t result in lock-in. UEC uses the Eucalyptus software package, which is designed to be compatible with EC2.

Linux as a scalable server architecture? CIOs should look to the cloud.

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As a CIO, I'm concerned that EXT4 is the default file system installed by Ubuntu. Data is the heart of business. We can ill afford to risk our data with an unproven file system.

On our Linux servers, we run proven JFS. Someday, perhaps 3-5 years after production release, we'll look to btrfs as a replacement. Ext4 will need a few years of ZERO data lose before we can possibly consider it.



Ext4 by default

As a CIO you may not know that on server installs (where data is at the heart of the business), one should NEVER pur data in the root partition. In that respect Ext4 by default for the root partition does make sense, gives you a much improved FS, and leaves you full choice of FS for where to store your data.



You dont have to

As they mentioned in the article, they dont change excisting filesystems. Only new deployed systems are default ext4 and you can always choose for a different. He, we finally have a choice !




As a user after an upgrade to Karmic I've lost my DSL connection since Network Manager just doesn't work anymore. A week after release - and the problem is only solvable through installation of packages the links to which can be found through forums. Then you need to go through a lengthy instruction what to do through the command line in order to maybe make it work. But even after you do that you will still have a permissions bug - when you try to edit connection you will be told "insufficient permission".

I like Ubuntu. All of this is not mindless bashing, but a hint to the community that trying to promote the system should be a second priority and the first priority should be to fix such serious bugs. And if a CIO sees that the system which relies on the Internet to function cannot do Internet - believe me, he will never ever want to install Ubuntu ever again and will tell all his friends-businessmen to not consider Ubuntu a serious reliable system.

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